آخر تحديث - 8 أبريل 2021
In the 1980s, there was an act of violence in which Palestinians clashed with Jewish settlers in the occupied territories. In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon to drive out the PLO. In 1987, Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank launched a series of violent protests against the Israeli authorities, known as the intifada or “shaking”. Shortly thereafter, King Hussein of Jordan renounced any administrative responsibility for the West Bank, thereby strengthening the PLO`s influence in that country. On November 15, 1988, when the intifada raged, Jasser Arafat proclaimed an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A month later, he denounced terrorism, recognized the right of the State of Israel to exist and authorized the opening of “country for peace” negotiations with Israel. This annex included electoral agreements, an electoral system, rules and rules for election campaigns, including agreed rules for media organization, and the possibility of authorizing a television channel. At the banquet of the night, Clinton spoke of the king`s extraordinary courage in seeking peace. He compared him to his grandfather, who was murdered for his conversations with Israel. Hussein had lived through the murder of King Abdullah and had himself narrowly escaped death – in fact, the killer`s bullet ripped off a medal worn by his grandfather that day. Hussein was visibly moved. After 1995, a number of additional agreements were reached for the implementation of the Oslo Agreements.
The former Prime Minister believes that Israel has had no choice since the beginning of the intifada, “and no matter who is Prime Minister” (perhaps a Jab in his former rival and Labour Party colleague, shimon Peres, currently Israeli Foreign Minister), but to fight terrorism by military force. He believes, however, that military efforts against terrorism must be accompanied by a continuation of the desire to resume peace negotiations on the basis of the Camp David formula. Nevertheless, he has no chance of succeeding in the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations as long as Arafat and like-minded Arab leaders take the reins. He seems to think about the generations and he hesitantly predicts that the Palestinians will not be willing to compromise until “80 years” after 1948. By then, most of the generations who lived first-hand in the 1948 disaster will be dead; There will be “very few salmon” who will still want to return to their birthing homes to die. “This is one of Camp David`s most embarrassing lies,” Barak says. “I wonder why he`s lying [Arafat]? Simply put, any proposal that offers 92% of the West Bank cannot, by definition, divide the territory into non-coherent cantons. The West Bank and Gaza Strip are separated, but that cannot be helped [in a peace agreement, they would be connected by a bridge]. But in the West Bank, Barak says, palestinians have been promised a continuous piece of sovereign territory, with the exception of a small Israeli corner that runs from Jerusalem to the Jordan. Here, the territorial continuity of the Palestinians would have been ensured by a tunnel or a bridge. The 1990s were a decade of intense negotiations on the peace process between Israel and its Arab neighbours. In Madrid and Oslo, as well as in Shepherdstown and Camp David, two American presidents have tried to bring peace to the Middle East.
In 1994, Israeli Prime Minister Jitzchak Rabin, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and PLO President Jasser Arafat were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize after signing the Oslo Accords “for their efforts to bring peace to the Middle East.”  However, the agreements never resulted in peace.