آخر تحديث - 9 أبريل 2021
A first effect of the extension of collective bargaining was to reduce the pay gap between the wages that a certain level of work received at a given time in different regions and in different companies in the same region, and even between one employee and another under the same employer. Unions initially had to accept the regional differences that prevailed, but their pressure for lower-paid regions to be paid less amplified the impact of improved communication and information to greatly reduce these disparities, particularly since the Second World War. “Employment rate” insurance increased the wages of certain groups or individuals who did not have access to alternative employers, either in space or because of their lack of information and mobility. In general, the extension of collective bargaining has led to greater uniformity in wage rates received by workers of a particular grade, by increasing lower rates. Studies on the differences between wage movements in unionized and non-unionized employment sectors, particularly in the United States, have highlighted three other effects of extending collective bargaining. One of them is a single effect and effect: the introduction of collective bargaining has increased the wages of the workers concerned by about 10-15% compared to the general level around them. A second effect was the timing of the changes: when wage increases were on the agenda, unionized workers reached them earlier than non-unionized; And when the market moved in the other direction, the cuts to unionized workers were delayed for longer. When the cost of living rose rapidly, as in wartime, the ability of trade unionists to provide compensatory wage increases encouraged the expansion of the union system, particularly among employees who had previously been left out. The third effect was the ability not only to defer wage reductions in depression, but also to reduce their amount. The United States, for example, had the highest wage gap in 1932 in unionized and un syndified sectors. An important effect on the overall level of wages in terms of purchasing power and its share in the product of industry seems to be explained by opposition to wage reduction in the 1921 global economic depression: although wages were sharply reduced, often after long struggles, they could not be reduced due to falling commodity prices. , and in more than one country, the distribution of industrial product between salary and profit appears to have changed permanently. However, after the Second World War, the burden on market forces for collective bargaining changed.