آخر تحديث - 8 سبتمبر 2021
President Trump is withdrawing us from the Paris climate agreement. Anxious to “significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change,” the agreement calls for the average increase in global temperature over this century to be well below 2 degrees Celsius, while striving to limit the increase in temperatures to 1.5 degrees. It also calls on countries to work to ensure that global greenhouse gas emissions are offset as quickly as possible and become climate neutral by the second half of this century at the latest. To achieve these targets, 186 countries responsible for more than 90% of global emissions presented carbon reduction targets known as “Planned National Contributions” (INDCs) ahead of the Paris conference. These targets set out each country`s commitments to reduce emissions (including conservation of carbon sinks) by 2025 or 2030, including overall CO2 emission reduction targets and individual commitments from some 2,250 cities and 2,025 companies. The Paris Agreement is the culmination of decades of international efforts to combat climate change. Here`s a little story. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which set legally binding emission reduction targets (as well as sanctions for non-compliance) only for developed countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developing – to contribute to and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, the Paris Agreement incorporates greater flexibility: there is no language about the commitments countries should make, nations can voluntarily set their emissions targets (NNCs), and countries will not be punished if they fail to meet their proposed targets. But what the Paris Agreement requires is to monitor, report and reassess countries` individual and collective goals over time, in order to bring the world closer to the broader goals of the agreement. And the agreement includes an obligation for countries to announce their next round of targets every five years, unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which aimed at this target but did not contain a specific requirement to achieve it.
Climate change is a global emergency that transcends national borders. This is an issue that requires coordinated solutions at all levels and international cooperation to help countries move towards a low-carbon economy. Looking for a bunch of money in the shocking UN report on climate change? Here it is: we can determine the impact of climate change through the political, economic and social choices we make today. Today, that future could be threatened, as President Donald Trump prepares to withdraw the United States from the deal — a step he can only legally take after the next presidential election — as part of a larger effort to reduce America`s decades-old environmental policy. Fortunately, instead of giving up the fight, city, state, business and citizen leaders around the world are stepping up efforts to advance the clean energy advances needed to achieve the goals of the agreement and curb dangerous climate change, with or without the Trump administration. Article 28 of the Agreement allows the parties to terminate the contract after having sent a notification of resignation to the depositary. The denunciation may take place for the country no earlier than three years after the entry into force of the agreement. The revocation shall take effect one year after the notification of the depositary. Alternatively, the agreement provides that withdrawal from the UNFCCC, under which the Paris Agreement was adopted, would also remove the state from the Paris Agreement.
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